Contains a powerful anti-oxidant French-Pine Bark extract, which is protected by patented seaweed capsules to release the pure ingredients only upon application to the skin. This Serum is designed to protect your skin from free radical damage and the signs of aging caused by exposure to UV rays. It can also be combined with up to two other Skin Inc customizable Serums to create a powerful multi-acting product, designed to treat your skin's unique needs.
Oxidation of important structural proteins (such as Collagen in the dermis) is a major factor in skin damage from sun exposure. Oxidation can even arise in the normal aging process. Damage to Collagen leads to skin lines and wrinkles. An effective way to protect the skin from the stress of oxidation is to use anti-oxidants. And a prime source of natural anti-oxidants is the extract from the bark of the maritime French pine tree. This extract is rich in anti-oxidants, with names like flavonoids, procyanidine, and proanthocyanidine. These bio-molecules are extremely potent, as much as 170 times more potent than anti-oxidant Vitamin E, and as much as 350 times more potent than anti-oxidant Vitamin C. The extract protects skin from sunlight damage. And its powerful component proanthocyanidine has even been shown to connect with Collagen, bringing the protection directly to the protein to shield it from damage. So this extract is ideal for protecting against aging and treating stressed skin. The extract has also been found to enhance anti-oxidant defenses. It recycles Vitamin C, regenerates Vitamin E, and increases the skin?s own anti-oxidant enzyme systems. That boosts the ability of the skin to protect itself against oxidation caused by aging and sunlight. That permits the skin to turn its energy toward repairing and restoring itself. Beyond oxidation, another factor in aging skin is the slower growth of the epidermis, leading to thinning of this important layer of the skin. To address that problem, Repair French-Pine Serum contains a bioengineered peptide (also known as epidermal growth factor, which is often abbreviated EGF). As its name implies, this peptide increases growth of the skin?s epidermis, by increasing DNA synthesis and increasing cell growth. This rebuilds the skin. A similar process occurs in wound healing, where EGF plays a critical role in rebuilding the skin. Re-establishing robust growth in the epidermis leads to improvement in epidermal turnover. Not only will this improve the skin surface texture by shedding old surface cells more quickly, the old cells take along their accumulated melanin. That can help improve skin color evenness and tone. There is yet another function served by EGF. It stimulates production of a protein called aquaporin. Aquaporin is found in the cell membrane and functions as a water channel in the epidermis, assisting the movement of water and even the moisturizer molecule glycerol (glycerin) within the skin. That leads to greater distribution of the skin?s water (and the glycerin that is also included in this Serum) and provides thorough hydration of the skin.
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0% added scent and paraben Aqua, Butylene Glycol, Glycerin, Pentylene Glycol, Pinus Pinaster Bark Extract, rh-Oligopeptide-1, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil, Lecithin, Sodium Phosphate, Algin, Carbomer, Alcaligenes Polysaccharides, Potassium Hydroxide, Polysorbate 80, Titanium Dioxide (CI 77491), Iron Oxides, Phenoxyethanol
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